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31  Assistance / Pardus for beginners / Re: Sharing files between computers on: October 31, 2008, 19:06:38 PM
I'm not sure about ntfs, I'll try tomorrow... Today I tried sharing my whole / folder, which works well, but the /mnt folder is empty, so it doesn't follow other partitions automatically. I'll try to mount the others separately, maybe it will work.

For the quick how-to:

1. Make sure the nfs daemon is running on both computers (activate in tasma-system).
2. On the server computer, edit /etc/exports and add the line: / client_computer_name(rw,sync)
(make sure to change client_computer_name to the name of the computer that shall be allowed to mount the server's /
If you only want to share one folder, make the line something like: /home client_computer_name(rw,sync)
3. reboot (not sure if necessary)
4. Create a folder on the client computer where the other computer's fs shall be mounted (let's assume it's /server_name)
5. Open a console and become root (su root)
6. Type mount server_computer_name:/ /server_name -o sync,hard,intr
(make sure to replace server_computer_name by the server's name, or you can also use the server's IP)
If only mounting a folder, use mount server_computer_name:/home /server_name -o sync,hard,intr
7. Now you can access the other computer's fs in /server_name as if it was local

The options sync, hard and intr should be used to avoid file corruption because of network connection failures. It's quicker without sync, but not recommanded!

You can automount on the client by adding a line to fstab but this will cause problems if the other computer is not available (boot process stops and hangs). So do not use on mobile computers like laptops.

All this I learned from: http://nfs.sourceforge.net/nfs-howto/ and especially from http://nfs.sourceforge.net/nfs-howto/ar01s03.html

I hope that helps for now....

32  Assistance / Pardus for beginners / Re: Sharing files between computers on: October 29, 2008, 23:14:18 PM

When you use "share entire homes", ALL directories and files of Pardus are readable.


This is exactly what I intended. Being able to access ALL files from my desktop with my laptop, even windows partitions and mounted CDs. But Samba seems to be broken in Pardus (see other thread). So I found a better solution: NFS. NFS allows mounting the filesystem of another computer as if it was local. If anybody is interested, I can post a How-to.
33  Assistance / Pardus for beginners / Re: Sharing files between computers on: October 26, 2008, 19:37:16 PM
I think I log in as my normal user (frisil). That's what my Superkaramba desktop applet shows. Normally it shows "users logged in: frisil frisil" (why two times, BTW?). When I connect to samba from the laptop, it shows frisil 4 times.
34  Assistance / Pardus for beginners / Re: bug in tasma? samba users lost! on: October 26, 2008, 10:54:46 AM
I wrote a bug report here:

http://bugs.pardus.org.tr/show_bug.cgi?id=8506
35  Assistance / Pardus for beginners / bug in tasma? samba users lost! on: October 26, 2008, 02:35:36 AM
I'm still trying to configure samba. When I use the samba module in Tasma (as root), I can add samba users and assign passwords. However, if I exit the module and load it again, these settings seem to be lost and the users list is empty again. Does anyone know what this is about? 
36  Assistance / Pardus for beginners / Re: strange USB problem - I'm clueless - any ideas? on: October 25, 2008, 22:04:09 PM
Thanks for your reply, Lisa!

But I will most certainly not wipe my internal harddrive with 4 OSs on it with zeroes, it would be too much work reinstalling everything. My workaround for now is to hook up the external drive to my laptop and access the laptop from my desktop via samba, complicated, but this way I can copy data from and to the drive. I think I will buy a new desktop computer in the near future anyway, as mine is already over 5 years old and rather slow (so no compiz for me).

I just want to know what is wrong with this thing, as I have no explanation for it...
37  Assistance / Pardus for beginners / Re: Sharing files between computers on: October 25, 2008, 17:10:25 PM
And at this moment I don't know what your id is on "the other computer".
This is all about id and properties of a file (Linux security).

I know about Linux security (right management of files), but I don't know what Samba wants from me... It doesn't accept the id and password from the other computer, although it is the same on both machines.
38  Assistance / Pardus for beginners / Re: Sharing files between computers on: October 25, 2008, 15:14:10 PM
I can access all folders and files that belong to root and are readable for every user. I even created a new test folder called /usr/share/sambatest, if I copy files there (as root) the other computer can access and copy them, but only if they are readable for all. What I lack is just the following: I want to be able to access my home folder with my laptop without having to copy/move/change permissions of the files first. Both computers use the same user with same user id and same password. So it should be possible somehow.
But when I click on my home folder on the other computer, a window pops up asking for a username and password. My username and password does not work.
39  Assistance / Pardus for beginners / Re: Sharing files between computers on: October 25, 2008, 01:58:14 AM
Thanks for the links with samba: I chose "share entire homes"  and now I can access the complete directory structure of the other computer with smb://computer_name

Only one problem: When I want to go to the personal user folders in home, I am asked for a username and password. Entering the username and pasword of the folder's owner does not work, nor does root and rootpassword. What do I enter here? How do I set up this password protection (or disable it?)
40  Assistance / Pardus for beginners / Re: strange USB problem - I'm clueless - any ideas? on: October 25, 2008, 00:22:27 AM
The problem does not happen with USB-sticks, I just copied 8 GB from my mp3 stick and it worked. Then I tried my harddrive again - no subfolders again, but only on the 2nd partition?!? The harddrive is a western digital 1 TB sata drive and has 3 partitions (all ext3). Only the 2nd partition seems to be problematic, but only with this computer. Really strange is: 4 weeks ago I bought a harddrive from Maxtor, also 1 TB sata external.  On this drive, I created 2 ext2 partitions and formated them with reiserfs. I set up an encrypted second partition by using:

cryptsetup luksFormat /dev/sda2
luksformat -t reiserfs /dev/sda2   

I didn't have pardus then, so I did it with Sidux Erebos, it worked fine (at first)

I mounted the partition by using:

pmount /dev/sda2 secret

and accessed files at /media/secret

and unmounted:

pumount /dev/sda2

This worked for about a week, then the problem first happened. After entering the parapharse, the drive was mounted, but there were no subfolders. On my laptop, it worked all the time. I think the problem started when I wanted to open the 1st partition (not encrypted) with Mepis 6.5, also on my desktop computer. It didn't automount and pmount told be about a bad superblock. I booted back into Sidux and it worked, but Mepis refused to mount the first partition from now on. Then the problem with missing subfolders started, both with sidux and mepis. I installed a third os, Pardus, but it couldn't access the encrypted partition at all (encryption routines missing, I wanted to compile and install later). Then I accidently knocked the hard drive from my computer, the case shattered and it didn't work anymore. A week later, I bought a new drive, western digital. As I was suspicious about the encrypted partition and the errors it caused on my old Mepis, I didn't create an encrypted partition this time, just 3 normal ext3 partitions. I heard about encfs and encrypted folders and wanted to try that later. First I just used my new harddrive to backup some important data unencrypted.
But call it haunting, curse, geomantic echo or whatever (just kidding) - my computer seems to remember the problems with the old harddrive and its encrypted partition, because it's back with any partition 2 on any external harddrive! I am really clueless what that could be! Any ideas now after I gave more details? Or are you just as puzzled as me???
41  Assistance / Pardus for beginners / Re: Sharing files between computers on: October 24, 2008, 12:41:54 PM
A torrent would be a workarround. I just want to access the other computer's files via network. I just need some help how to set it up (folder sharing, nfs, samba, etc.). What is the best and easiest solution?
42  Assistance / Pardus for beginners / strange USB problem - I'm clueless - any ideas? on: October 24, 2008, 12:38:52 PM
Since about two weeks my desktop computer shows strange behaviour with usb-harddrives. It seems to mount them correctly, but sometimes only the first layer of a folder is displayed in konqueror. If I go to a sub-folder, it seems to be empty. But it is not, on my laptop everything works correctly.

When my desktop displays folders correctly after mount (happens sometimes) and I start copying folders and files from the USB-drive to my internal harddrive, copying process stops after some time and I get an error message that the file I'm trying to copy does not exist.

When I copy to my external drive, I get a "cannot write" error after some time. It seems the computer somehow loses the connection to the USB drive.

This happens with all external drives and it's not Pardus specific, it happens with all three Linux distributions on this computer. Any idea what could be wrong? I have tried the onboard USB-plugs and a card with four additional usb-plugs, both show the same problem. I've never encountered anything like this before and I think something is wrong with my computer (hardware related?). Any ideas what it could be?
43  Assistance / Pardus for beginners / Sharing files between computers on: October 24, 2008, 12:26:47 PM
My laptop and desktop both use Pardus 2008 now and are both connected to the same network switch. But I don't know how to access the files of the other computer. Both have homes for the same user, and I want to access both folders with both computers. Any easy way to do this?
44  Assistance / Pardus for beginners / Re: How to FORCE DMA onto cd/dvd-drives? on: October 21, 2008, 19:43:43 PM
I tried editing modprobe.conf.dist in /etc/modprobe.d to add another (ubuntu) fix I found

## Turn on DMA for DVD ############################
alias ata_generic off
alias pata_atiixp on


but my system doesn't react to that. lsmod still shows:

pata_ali               14852  14
sata_uli               11268  0
pata_acpi              11136  0
ata_generic            12036  0
libata                150240  4 pata_ali,sata_uli,pata_acpi,ata_generic
scsi_mod              145268  4 sg,sd_mod,sr_mod,libata
dock                   14352  1 libata

Do I have to change the initramfs? How do I do this? Do the changes have to be put somewhere else (initramfs creation file?) ? Please help someone, I'm desparate...
45  Assistance / Pardus for beginners / Re: How to FORCE DMA onto cd/dvd-drives? on: October 21, 2008, 18:54:06 PM
Sorry, this doesn't really help. I added the lines

#added by user
blacklist ata_generic

at the end of /etc/modprobe.d/blacklist-compat file but it doesn't help, when I reboot, it's still there!

I tried modprobe -r ata_generic and then it's gone. However, this does not help, because the dmesg shows the same output as before and drives stay slow.

Where are kernel modules loaded at startup? mabe if I take out scsi_mod my system would be back to what it used to be with older Linux versions?

My older sidux ran the following modules and DMA worked fine:

Module                  Size  Used by
ext3                  135560  1
jbd                    62888  1 ext3
ppdev                  10500  0
lp                     13832  0
video                  19472  0
output                  4992  1 video
ac                      6532  0
battery                13192  0
powernow_k8            16064  0
cpufreq_powersave       2816  0
cpufreq_stats           7360  0
cpufreq_ondemand        9740  1
cpufreq_conservative     8200  0
freq_table              5792  3 powernow_k8,cpufreq_stats,cpufreq_ondemand
ipv6                  275108  10
af_packet              25096  2
nls_iso8859_1           5248  2
nls_cp437               6912  2
vfat                   14976  2
fat                    54428  1 vfat
nls_utf8                3200  3
ntfs                  227392  3
fuse                   47252  1
nvidia               7106084  24
snd_intel8x0           34972  2
psmouse                40976  0
evdev                  13184  4
parport_pc             41700  1
parport                38088  3 ppdev,lp,parport_pc
serio_raw               8196  0
snd_ac97_codec        100516  1 snd_intel8x0
ac97_bus                3456  1 snd_ac97_codec
snd_pcm_oss            43008  0
snd_mixer_oss          17920  1 snd_pcm_oss
snd_pcm                80772  4 snd_intel8x0,snd_ac97_codec,snd_pcm_oss
analog                 13216  0
gameport               16904  1 analog
pcspkr                  4224  0
snd_timer              24580  2 snd_pcm
usblp                  15488  0
button                  9360  0
snd                    55812  8 snd_intel8x0,snd_ac97_codec,snd_pcm_oss,snd_mixer_oss,snd_pcm,snd_timer
i2c_ali1535             8068  0
k8temp                  6656  0
soundcore               9312  1 snd
snd_page_alloc         11528  2 snd_intel8x0,snd_pcm
i2c_ali15x3             8964  0
i2c_ali1563             8580  0
i2c_core               26240  4 nvidia,i2c_ali1535,i2c_ali15x3,i2c_ali1563
shpchp                 34708  0
pci_hotplug            32416  1 shpchp
usbhid                 44928  0
ff_memless              7048  1 usbhid
reiserfs              258436  4
dm_mirror              25344  0
dm_snapshot            19880  0
dm_mod                 59712  2 dm_mirror,dm_snapshot
ide_cd                 40608  0
cdrom                  37536  1 ide_cd
ide_disk               18432  12
uhci_hcd               26636  0
ohci_hcd               23556  0
floppy                 59364  0
ehci_hcd               36364  0
8139too                28288  0
mii                     6656  1 8139too
sata_uli                8580  0
usbcore               137352  6 usblp,usbhid,uhci_hcd,ohci_hcd,ehci_hcd
alim15x3               12684  0 [permanent]
ide_core              126232  3 ide_cd,ide_disk,alim15x3
ata_generic             8708  0
libata                125236  2 sata_uli,ata_generic
thermal                16412  0
processor              35208  2 powernow_k8,thermal
fan                     6020  0


As you an see, ata-generic is there but no scsi_mod!

Pardus on the other hand uses (after modprobe -r ata_generic):

Module                  Size  Used by
ipv6                  245992  10
firmware_class         13056  0
af_packet              25088  0
powernow_k8            17668  0
cpufreq_powersave       5760  0
cpufreq_userspace       8196  0
nls_utf8                6016  2
nls_cp857               8704  2
vfat                   16128  2
fat                    50336  1 vfat
reiserfs              210228  6
fuse                   48924  6
snd_intel8x0           35868  2
snd_ac97_codec         97568  1 snd_intel8x0
ppdev                  12548  0
ac97_bus                5888  1 snd_ac97_codec
snd_seq_dummy           7812  0
parport_pc             39484  1
snd_seq_oss            34332  0
snd_seq_midi_event     11008  1 snd_seq_oss
ns558                   8576  0
snd_seq                51496  5 snd_seq_dummy,snd_seq_oss,snd_seq_midi_event
rtc_cmos               14112  0
lp                     14924  0
parport                37972  3 ppdev,parport_pc,lp
rtc_core               22940  1 rtc_cmos
snd_seq_device         11788  3 snd_seq_dummy,snd_seq_oss,snd_seq
rtc_lib                 6912  1 rtc_core
snd_pcm_oss            41376  0
gameport               18060  2 ns558
nvidia               7099200  24
k8temp                  9344  0
8139too                28672  0
snd_mixer_oss          19200  1 snd_pcm_oss
snd_pcm                73476  3 snd_intel8x0,snd_ac97_codec,snd_pcm_oss
snd_timer              25608  2 snd_seq,snd_pcm
hwmon                   7196  1 k8temp
i2c_ali1535            10756  0
usblp                  17536  0
usbhid                 44900  0
8139cp                 25472  0
thermal                22940  0
snd                    57528  14 snd_intel8x0,snd_ac97_codec,snd_seq_dummy,snd_seq_oss,snd_seq,snd_seq_device,snd_pcm_oss,snd_mixer_oss,snd_pcm,snd_timer
processor              43948  2 powernow_k8,thermal
hid                    39500  1 usbhid
ali_agp                10624  0
mii                     9344  2 8139too,8139cp
i2c_ali15x3            11396  0
button                 12176  0
i2c_ali1563            11140  0
shpchp                 33940  0
soundcore              11336  1 snd
ff_memless              9352  1 usbhid
amd64_agp              15748  1
i2c_core               26516  4 nvidia,i2c_ali1535,i2c_ali15x3,i2c_ali1563
snd_page_alloc         13960  2 snd_intel8x0,snd_pcm
pci_hotplug            30884  1 shpchp
agpgart                36020  3 nvidia,ali_agp,amd64_agp
sg                     37044  0
ext3                  128008  1
jbd                    47636  1 ext3
mbcache                12420  1 ext3
sd_mod                 29976  15
sr_mod                 19624  1
cdrom                  35740  1 sr_mod
ohci_hcd               25604  0
pata_ali               14852  14
sata_uli               11268  0
uhci_hcd               26640  0
pata_acpi              11136  0
libata                150240  3 pata_ali,sata_uli,pata_acpi
scsi_mod              145268  4 sg,sd_mod,sr_mod,libata
dock                   14352  1 libata
ehci_hcd               37132  0
usbcore               136396  6 usblp,usbhid,ohci_hcd,uhci_hcd,ehci_hcd

Can I change Pardus to run the same modules Sidux used to run somehow?

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